Alakaʻina

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Photo: Kalani Akana

Auhea ʻoukou e nā makamaka o neia kolamu ʻōlelo Hawaiʻi. ʻO kēia ka mahina a ke Aliʻi Makaʻainana, ʻo ia hoʻi, ʻo Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole, i hānau ʻia ai, a e hoʻomanaʻo a e hoʻokulāia ʻia ana nō ia e nā hui sivila me nā poʻe noho ʻaina hoʻopulapula.

Iaʻu e noʻonoʻo ana e pili ana i kona alakaʻi ʻana ma Wakinekona ua ʻupu aʻe kekahi nīnau i loko oʻu, “Pehea ʻo ia i hoʻoholomua ai i ke kānāwai ʻāina hoʻopulapula ma Wakinekoa me ka ʻole o ka mana koho?” Malia paha, aia ka pane i loko o kekahi pono ikaika a koʻikoʻi no ka poʻe Hawaiʻi, ʻo ia hoʻi, ke kuleana.

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo ia he aliʻi a ʻoiai ʻaʻole ʻo ia i kū i ka moku, ua ʻike ʻo ia i kona kuleana – e mālama i nā kānaka, nā pua laha ʻole o ka ʻāina. I kēlā manawa o nā 1900 aia nō nā Hawaiʻi he nui i ke kūpilikiʻi.

Pēlā ke ʻano o ke alakaʻi ʻana ma ka ʻohana.

Hōʻike leʻa ka haku i nā lāla ʻohana i kona kuleana. Pēlā ka hana a Kumu Hula Hōkū-lani Holt Padilla. Wahi āna, i ka wā kamaliʻi o kāna mau pua ʻo Luʻukia, Kaniʻau, me Lono ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ko lākou kuleana iho ma ka ʻohana. Na Lono e mālama i kona ʻanakē, na Kaniʻau e noho me ka makuahine, a na Luʻukia e mālama i ke kaikaina me ke kaikunāne no ka meaʻo ia ka hiapo.

Ma muli o kēia ʻike leʻa o ke kuleana, ua kūlia lākou ma ka hoʻonaʻauao ʻana e hoʻokō pono ai ke kuleana. No laila, ua puka lākou ʻekolu me ke kekelē kula nui: Lono me ke Kekelē Hoʻokaʻaʻike; Kaniʻau me ka Palapala Laeʻula, Hoʻonaʻauʻao; a me Luʻukia me ke Palapala Laeʻula Kauka.

ʻŌlelo mai ʻo Hōkū, “Manaʻo au, ua moakāka loa i kaʻu mau keiki he mea koʻikoʻi ka ʻohana, ka nohona Hawaiʻi, a me ka hoʻonaʻauao.”

I loko o ka pepa nui a Waiʻaleʻale Sarsona, aia kekahi nīnauele hoihoi me Kauanoe Kamanā e pili ana i ke kuleana. Wahi ā Kamanā, ʻo wiwo kekahi kulehana nui no ka maopopo i ke alakaʻina.

Inā he wiwo ko ke kanaka, maopopo iā ia i nā manaʻolana a me nā kuleana hana o ka ʻohana, Inā pēlā, hualiāmahi like nā lālā a pauo ka ʻohana a i ʻole kekahi hui hana, i ka nuʻukia a me ke ala nuʻukia like. Inā pa-kaulei ke kanaka, huki ʻia ʻo ia i ʻō a i ʻaneʻi a ʻaʻole hiki iā ia ke kūlia ma kona nuʻu.

Inā hoihoi ʻoe e heluhelu e pili ana i ke alakaʻina o nā wahine ʻiwi, hiki ke loaʻa ka pepa nui a Waiʻaleʻale Sarsona ma ka pūnaewele. Ma loko nō ʻo ia i nānā ai i ke alakaʻina ma ka nohona o Kauanoe Kamanā, Meahilahila Kelling, a me Mahina Paishon Duarte.

Alakaʻina: Female Leadership in Native Hawaiian Education, Examining the Lives of Three Female Leaders in Native Hawaiian Education by Waiʻaleʻale Sarsona


Kalani Akana, Ph.D., is the culture specialist at OHA. He is a kumu of hula, oli and ʻōlelo Hawaiʻi. He has authored numerous articles on Indigenous ways of knowing and doing.