Nā ʻOhina Wikiō Mānaleo Mua o Kaniʻāina: Two new video collections feature Native Hawaiian mānaleo

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Kākau ʻia na Larry Kimura lāua ʻo Bruce Torres Fischer

Anoʻai me ke aloha e nā hoa makamaka ʻōlelo Hawaiʻi mai Hawaiʻi Nui Kuauli a hiki i Niʻihau o Kahelelani. Me ka ʻoliʻoli mākou e kūkala aku nei i ka hoʻokau ʻia o ʻelua ʻohina wikiō, ʻo Nā Hulu Kūpuna a me Mānaleo Kīwī ma ke kaha pūnaewele ʻo Kaniʻāina ma www.ulukau.org/kaniaina, me ke kākoʻo pū o ko Kamakakūokalani no Nā Hulu Kūpuna, a me ke kākoʻo o Kalani Akana a me ʻUluʻulu no Mānaleo Kīwī.

He leo paipai hoʻi kēia iā ʻoukou, e nā lehua hoʻōla ʻōlelo, e ʻapo i ke aʻo waiwai a ia mau hulu kūpuna i waiho mai ai i mua pono o kākou a e hoʻohana i ʻoi aʻe ko kākou naʻauao a mauli ola Hawaiʻi. Ke komo nei kākou i kekahi au hou o ke ola o ka ʻōlelo me ka mauli Hawaiʻi – i kēlā me kēia makahaki nui aʻe ka heluna o ka poʻe i hiki ke kamaʻilio ma ka ʻōlelo makuahine – a mahalo hoʻi i ka ʻōnaehana hoʻonaʻauao a kākou mai ka P-12 a i ka Ph.d. Ma kekahi ʻaoʻao naʻe, ua hala nō ka hapanui o nā kūpuna mānaleo, a ke oʻo nei nō ka poʻe i launa me ia mau mānaleo a i lohe pepeiao a ʻike maka i ko ia mau kūpuna mauli Hawaiʻi. Ke ulu mai nei kekahi hanauna hou i ʻike a launa ʻole me ka poʻe kūpuna a me kā lākou ʻōlelo. A i ke aha? He kumuwaiwai launa ʻole nā leo a me nā wikiō kūpuna i piha i ka ʻike no nā loina Hawaiʻi o kēlā ʻano kēia ʻano, i ka ʻike ʻōlelo, i ka ʻike moʻokūʻauhau, i ka ʻike Hawaiʻi nō hoʻi. E hoʻi kākou i ke kumu a hōʻoia i ke ʻano Hawaiʻi o kā kā-kou mau hana hoʻōla ʻōlelo e paʻupaʻu nei. Ua pōmaikaʻi nui ka ʻōlelo Hawaiʻi, ʻoiai hoʻi, nui loa nā kumuwaiwai i hoʻolako ʻia mai nā kūpuna mai, ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ka hapanui o nā ʻōlelo ʻane halapohe ʻē aʻe o ke ao.

Eia he makana makamae ke hoʻomalele ʻia nei, he ʻelua ʻohina wikiō waiwai lua ʻole o nā kūpuna mānaleo Hawaiʻi i ke kaomi wale iho o ko kākou manamana lima i ka papa pihi a hui me nā hulu kūpuna mānaleo Hawaiʻi. No kekahi o kākou he pili ʻohana nō kēia ilina kiʻi a leo o kekahi hulu kupuna makamae e pūlama a e haʻaheo mau ai. E ʻapo a e hoʻohana i nā makana ʻōlelo, ʻike kuʻuna, lawena a ʻuhane Hawaiʻi a e ʻoi ke ola o ko kākou mauli Hawaiʻi.


Aloha e nā makamaka mai Hawaiʻi Nui Kuauli a i Niʻihau o Kahelelani. We are excited to announce that two new video collections featuring Native Hawaiian mānaleo, Nā Hulu Kūpuna and Manaleo TV, will be available on Kaniʻāina beginning this month.

Nā Hulu Kūpuna

The Kaniʻāina Spoken Hawaiian Language Repository at Ka Haka ʻUla O Keʻelikōlani College of Hawaiian Language at UH Hilo is partnering with Kamakakūokalani Center for Hawaiian Studies at UH Mānoa to bring Nā Hulu Kūpuna – The Esteemed Kūpuna – to the community via the Kaniʻāina website. This collection is a set of oral history video interviews with 19 kūpuna from Hawaiʻi to Niʻihau who are native speakers of Hawaiian and encompasses topics from saddle making and steel guitars, to lau hala weaving.

Filming of the Nā Hulu Kūpuna collection was done by Nā Maka o ka ʻĀina and Hawaiʻi Public Television crews. In 2009-2010, with support from the Office of Hawaiian Affairs, Kamakakūokalani and Nā Maka o ka ʻĀina digitized these precious interviews before the original tapes became degraded and lost forever. (See sidebar on page 11 for a listing of these hulu kūpuna).

These kūpuna were interviewed by a handful of Hawaiian-speaking ʻōpio from 1990-1991 under the leadership of Lilikalā Kameʻeleihiwa and Makalapua Alencastre, and supported by the Center for Hawaiian Studies at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. Those ʻōpio were Evaline Tuti Kanahele Sanborn, Laiana Wong, Kū Kahakalau, Robi Kahakalau, Jonah Hauʻoli Akaka, and Lilikalā Kameʻeleihiwa.

Mānaleo TV

The Mānaleo TV collection by producer Kalani Akana with the assistance of ʻUluʻulu: The Henry Kuʻualoha Giugni Moving Image Archive of Hawaiʻi is now being added to Kaniʻāina. This collection consists of 98 hour-long programs featuring many kūpuna mānaleo and a wide and rich diversity of topics. (See sidebar for a listing of kūpuna who were guests on this program).

Originally, Mānaleo was a public Hawaiian language cable television program that aired from 1996 to 2007 with interviews of many Native Hawaiian language speakers conducted by a team of hosts over an 11-year period: Kalani Akana, Hailama Farden, Melelani Pang, and mānaleo Elizabeth Kauahipaula, Kanoelani McGuire, and Ipo Wong. Similar to the earlier Ka Leo Hawaiʻi radio programs, phone calls from the public were welcomed to support the goals of viewing and hearing Hawaiian on television to promote the learning and perpetuation of the Hawaiian language and culture.

We are very excited that the public will now get the chance to interact online with the knowledge imparted by all the hulu kūpuna in the Nā Hulu Kūpuna and Mānaleo TV collections. Before today, Kaniʻāina consisted of a wealth of some 525 hours of the audio-only Ka Leo Hawaiʻi radio program with kūpuna mānaleo who graciously shared their memories and ʻike of Hawaiian culture through their interviews hosted by Larry “Kauanoe” Kimura from 1972-1988.

The addition of many hours of video footage from these two collections marks an exciting milestone in Kaniʻāina’s mission to make Hawaiian native speaker material available to the Hawaiian-speaking community, family members, and those working to revitalize the language.

Our hope is that we can all continue to learn from the ʻike left behind by these kūpuna to ground our lāhui to our Hawaiian place and cultural identity. These interviews are now available online at the Kaniʻāina website: www.ulukau.org/kaniaina.

Here are the names of the esteemed hulu kūpuna featured in these collections.

Nā Hulu Kūpuna

  • Margaret ʻAipōlani
  • James Keolaokalani Hū ʻeu Jr.
  • Hanalei Ka ʻimi ʻāina Ka ʻalekahi
  • Isabelle Kekaiku ʻihala Kalāola
  • George ʻOliwa Kamāla
  • ʻAlina Kau ʻinohea Shintani Kanahele
  • Doreen Nālei ʻehā Kanahele
  • ʻOihana Leimana Kanahele
  • Mary Ann “Maliana” Pihana Koko
  • Violet Leimamo Wahihākō Lee
  • Josephine Leilehua Lindsey
  • Esther Kala ʻi Makua ʻole
  • Katherine “Kakalina” Duenes Maunakea
  • Miriam Kaleipua Pahulehua
  • Evaline Tuti Kanahele Sandborn
  • Rose “Loke” Kamalu Kalā Nāihe Tipon
  • Clara Keanu Kalalau Tolentino
  • Helen K. Wahineokai
  • Kainoa Wright

Mānaleo TV

  • Anges ʻĀ ʻī
  • ʻŌpu ʻulani Albino
  • Maria Artis
  • Wallace Keali ʻiokalani Beck
  • Ileialoha Beniamina
  • Thelma Bugbee
  • Sarah Camacho
  • Kawai Cockett
  • Keali ʻi Chun
  • Malupō Lum Lung Chung
  • Malia Craver
  • Elizabeth Nālani Ellis
  • Faith Fukushima
  • Harry Ka ʻano ʻilani Fuller
  • Sam Wahapōhaku Grace
  • Lilia Hale
  • Wanda Wahinekuipua Wallace Hanakahi
  • Wanda Hobbs
  • Sarah Kekela ʻIli
  • Eddie Ka ʻanā ʻanā
  • Helen Kamanā
  • Elama Kanahele
  • Kaipo Kanahele
  • Mileka Kanahele
  • Mililani Kanahele
  • Nanino ʻeau Kanahele
  • Ululani Kanahele
  • Kāwika Kapahulehua
  • Elizabeth Kauahipaula
  • Emma Kauhi
  • Eugene Kaupiko
  • Kapela Kaupiko
  • Kimo Alama Keaulana
  • Pine Kelley
  • Emma Keohokālole
  • Odetta Kauakea Kua ʻana
  • Kamuela Kumukahi
  • Malu ʻihi Lee
  • Annie Mace
  • Mary Jane Kekela Makua
  • Lydia Makuakāne
  • Kanoelani McGuire
  • Amelia Meatoga
  • Clarence Medeiros
  • Maile Mitchell
  • Lili Mokiao
  • Lolena Nicholas
  • Kaleipua Pahulehua
  • Peter Kekua ʻana Park
  • Walter Keli ʻiokekai Paulo
  • Lei Bright Recca
  • Makaleka Rust
  • Tuti Kanahele Sanborn
  • Nora Keahi Santos
  • Mary Satterlee
  • Sam Septimo
  • Hannah Serrano
  • Hāli ʻimaile Shintani
  • Kūho ʻomalu Souza
  • Adelaide Kaiwi Kuamū Sylva
  • Loke Tam Hoy
  • Mary Terayao
  • Leina ʻala Teves
  • Arline Townsend
  • Charles Wahineho ʻokae
  • Helen K. Ahia Walrath
  • Kealohamakua Wengler
  • Ipo Wong
  • Kahuwailani Wong
  • Huamakahikina